Pages of history: Elektrostal

The main street of the village Zatishye in the thirties. The first melt. The first factory school, which opened here during the first five-year plan. Over the years of the tenth five-year plan, a branch of the Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys and the city technical colleges will train 1,200 engineers and 5,800 specialists with secondary specialized education.

Electrostal is still called the city of metallurgists, although it is already inaccurate.

A total of 13 industrial enterprises in the city, their products go to 30 countries.

The biographies of other cities reflect centuries. And there are cities that embody the very concept of modernity. Among them is Electrostal. The electrometallurgical plant gave life to this city, famous for the fact that already on the tenth day after the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution, the first tons of Soviet alloyed steel were received here.

In those days, on the site where one of the three largest cities in the Moscow region grew, there were several nondescript barracks. They were intended for workers who were hired by industrialists who decided to create a new production for Russia - the production of electric steel. The village, where peasants from neighboring villages flocked in search of work, was called the Lull by the name of a nearby train station.

October 1917 a storm broke into his sleepy, dreary silence. The factory owners fled abroad. Under the leadership of the Council of Workers' Deputies, headed by the Bolsheviks M. Rogov and M. Kuznetsov, the workers began to prepare the only steel-smelting furnace for smelting. There were no experienced engineers or steelworkers in Lull. But there was a determination to do the impossible. Strengthening tenfold understanding of how steel is needed young republic, the responsibility for the fate of which everyone felt.

I had to invite I. Sukharzhevsky, a steelworker from the famous Petrograd Putilov factory, to the first heat. The plant owes its initial success to the energies of the outstanding Russian metallurgist N. Belyaev, also a former Putilovets. On November 17, 1917, on that memorable smelting day, Professor Belyaev, silent and frowning, in a black long-sleeved coat, himself climbed into the furnace when, despite all her efforts, showed no signs of life, she remained cold. He discovered problems, suggested how to eliminate them, and soon a steel jet poured from a fire-breathing furnace to the sounds of the "Internationale".

It was a timid source and at the same time a grand victory of the liberated labor. The Soviet Republic received domestic high-quality steel, which is so necessary for it to protect its conquests and in peaceful concerns.

There was a civil war. Only 360 people worked at the plant. There was a shortage of raw materials, they heated wood in the forge of scrap metal, only a few dozen tons of steel were given out per year (today one steelmaker can produce fifteen thousand tons). Despite everything, the plant worked, production did not stop for an hour. In 1919, a delegation of electrostatic went to the Council of People's Commissars to V. I. Lenin. The Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars carefully listened to the workers concerned about the difficulties that the enterprise was experiencing. After some time, wagons with new equipment arrived at the Zatishye station.

The first five years in the biography of the plant were full of turbulent events. During these years, the first stainless and first ball-bearing steel were produced here. And in 1937, our country came out on top in the world in the production of electric steel - in this achievement there was a considerable proportion of the plant that marked the beginning of the fiery river.

The frames of the stars crowning the towers of the Moscow Kremlin, the metal vaults of the Mayakovskaya metropolitan metro station, the engine of the aircraft on which Valery Chkalov’s crew, the Udd island, made the record for its time ultra-long flight, did not count the construction projects Steelmakers "Electrostal".

During the Second World War, Elektrostal, like the whole country, worked for defense, for victory. The men went to the front, their place was occupied by women and teenagers. In 1942, the plant was evacuated to the Urals (a new giant of high-quality metallurgy subsequently grew there - the Chelyabinsk plant). When, in the same 1942, the electrowears returned to their places, steel continued to flow in a continuous stream from the restored workshops. Gun trunks and tank armor were cast from it.

Today, electric drills are thousands of tons of heavy-duty high-quality metal, which is needed in almost all industries, science, technology, and everyday life. These are hundreds of new grades of steel and alloys - the plant serves not only as a large production base, but also as an experimental pillar of metallurgical science. The experience accumulated over six decades, the high qualification of workers and engineers allow electric emitters to follow unbeaten paths. CVV Store Forum

 

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